This renowned personality is known as “Mannina Maga” (the son of soil).
A fighter for social-economic development and an admirer of cultural heritage.
Also a powerful leader of the Vokkaliga community and the President of the Janata Dal party.
He is none other than H. D. Deve Gowda, who was the 11th Prime Minister of India and the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka.
Earlier life of H. D. Deve Gowda
His full name is Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda
He was born in an agriculture family on 18 May 1933.
The name of the village that he belonged to is Haradanahalli, a village in the Holenarasipura Taluk, Hassan district of Karnataka
H. D. Deve Gowda completed his Civil Engineering diploma from L. V. Polytechnic, Hassan in the year 1950
He got married to Chennamma, has four sons H. D. Balakrishna Gowda, H. D. Revanna, late Dr. H. D. Ramesh and H. D. Kumaraswamy and two daughters H. D. Ansuya and H. D. Shailaja.
His son H. D. Kumaraswamy has also served as the Chief Minister of Karnataka.
The Political career of H. D. Deve Gowda
Deve Gowda became the head of Anjaneya cooperative society at the age of 20 only.
And, later became a member of the Taluk Development board.
He joined the National Congress Party and remained a member of it until 1962.
Gowda took part in the elections as an independent candidate and also won a seat.
He was elected from the Holenarasipura Constituency to the Karnataka legislative assembly for seven consecutive terms.
Gowda has also served as the “opposition leader” in the legislative assembly from the year 1972-1976.
H. D. Deve Gowda was also imprisoned for 18 months in the year 1975 for opposing the emergency declared by then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi.
Gowda spent his term in the jail by gaining political knowledge by talking to other politicians who were jailed along with him and also via comprehensive reading.
He resigned from the 6th legislative assembly on 22nd November 1982, and later became the Minister of irrigation projects and public works.
Deve Gowda was also a member of the 7th and 8th legislative assemblies.
During his tenure as a minister of irrigation department, he started many irrigation projects.
In the year 1987, he quit the Cabinet Ministry as he wanted to protest against the insufficient distribution of irrigation funds.
In 1989, after losing the elections, he was defeated and the Janata Dal party won by only 2 seats out of 222 assembly seats.
Political Advancements of H. D. Deve Gowda
Later in the year 1991, Deve Gowda was chosen as the member of the Parliament from the Hassan Lok Sabha constituency.
Gowda tried to bring out the problems of Karnataka people, especially the farmers in the Parliament as well as in the public.
He also became the leader of the Janata Dal twice and was elected as the front-runner of the legislative party on 11th December 1994.
After this success, Gowda had taken the oath and became the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka.
He was elected from Ramanagar Assembly and had won the elections by a lot of votes.
Deve Gowda visited various Middle Eastern countries along with Switzerland in 1995.
He also went to attend the forum of international economists.
The Congress Party lost in the general elections of the year 1996 and the then Prime Minister P.V.Narsimha Rao resigned.
And thus, H. D. Deve Gowda became the 11th Prime Minister of India.
These events took place because the Bhartiya Janata Dal Party (BJP) was not successful in forming of the government and eventually the united front coalition government was formed.
H. D. Deve Gowda also went on to become the leader of the coalition government
Later, he resigned from the post of the Chief Minister of Karnataka, after he became the Prime Minister of India.
His tenure as the Chief Minister of India was from June 1996 to April 1997.
H. D. Deve Gowda’s Contribution to the society
H. D. Deve Gowda has been a prominent political personality.
Deve Gowda played a very important and efficient role in uplifting the agrarians and the lower class.
He did a lot of developmental work in Karnataka.
Gowda introduced the reservation system, which favored the backward, minority, and scheduled classes and also women.
Once, only for the purpose of developing the state of Hubli, the survey was completed and relief measures were taken by the government.
And hence, he solved the issue of “idgah maidan “in Hubli.
Political timeline of H. D. Deve Gowda
- H. D. Deve Gowda was born in Hassan district in the Haradanahalli village, Karnataka in the year 1993.
- He became a member of the Indian National Congress in 1953.
- Deve Gowda served as the leader of the opposition party from 1972-1976.
- Gowda was imprisoned in the jail for 18 months in 1975.
- He resigned from the 6th legislative assembly in the year 1982.
- He resigned from the Cabinet Ministry in 1987.
- In the year 1989, he lost the elections.
- Deve Gowda was elected to the Lok Sabha assembly from Hassan in 1991.
- Gowda was the leader of the Janata Dal party in 1994
- He was also the 14th chief minister of the Karnataka in the year 1994
- H. D. Deve Gowda visited various Middle Eastern countries and Switzerland on a tour in 1995
- He became the 11th Prime Minister of India in the year 1996.